This paper focuses specifically on Pakistan and attempts to identify potential solutions. It draws on extensive fieldwork that the British Council has carried out in the area, including nationwide surveys of teachers, male and female university students and male and female school students, focus groups with female school student and qualitative interviews with teachers and career advisors. In particular, it will focus on why girls who have studied STEM subjects in high school, completing O and A level qualifications or equivalent local qualifications have not chosen to study these subjects at university. It will identify a variety of factors and assess which is most important, and will attempt to explain why women and girls discontinue STEM subjects, suggesting how and why these might differ from more developed contexts. Finally, it will suggest appropriate interventions for the Pakistani context.